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AFRICANA STUDIES
Vanishing Evidence Essay Series


THE VANISHING EVIDENCE OF

CLASSICAL  AFRICAN  CIVILIZATIONS

Part II: The Tomb Evidence

Prof. Manu Ampim



In August/September 1995, I undertook my 3rd season of field research in Egypt and Nubia.  I conducted primary (first-hand) research at 15 sites in 1994 and 27 sites in 1995.  As I indicated in part I of this series, my work of documenting modern forgeries and studying ancient African social organization and spiritual culture was superseded by the overwhelming problem of the rapid decay and deliberate destruction of many temple and tomb carvings.

The vanishing evidence of classical African civilizations is more apparent from the temple evidence than from the tombs because the temple “conservation” work is obvious from the scaffolding, which is visible from different locations within a temple.  Not only does the scaffolding draw attention but the workmen’s equipment and the broken up pieces of temple wall surface lying on the ground are also easily noticed.  Whereas, when a tomb is under “conservation,” the structure is usually closed to the public until the repair work and secret behind-the-scene alterations are complete.

The altering of Black (African) facial features and the lightening of the skin colors of painted reliefs inside the tombs are central aspects of the conspiracy to destroy the memory of classical African civilizations.  The two main conspirator groups carrying out these acts are European and American research teams, and local government workers.  Throughout Egypt and Nubia, the tomb images have suffered different levels of decay and destruction.  In places such as Giza the tombs are closed as there is little left to see; in Tell Amarna the tomb carvings are in an advanced state of decay; in El Kab and Aswan many of the images have been systematically defaced; and in Beni Hassan only 4 of the 39 tombs are open because the rest are badly damaged.  The only major location which has escaped serious tomb damage is Sakkara, but this may not remain true in the future because the conspirators’ work is not complete, until they have destroyed or defaced all the evidence of classical African civilizations.
Tomb of Kagemi
(Click photo for larger image)
Modern conspirators have thoroughly erased the facial characteristics of these Black images.

“EATING  MUMMY”

In the tombs, not only have the faces of many wall images been altered or destroyed, but the crimes against African mummies are almost beyond description.  There is a tradition dating back to at least 1000 A.D. in which Arabs and later Europeans engaged in the practice of “eating mummy.”  This practice has been written about by a number of authors, and it was widespread in modern Egypt and Western Europe.  It consisted of countless ancient African mummies being burned, ground up, and made into a kind of powder in order to be eaten.  This incredible act of cannibalism was considered an effective medical practice and folk remedy.  The belief became widely prevalent that cures could be obtained by eating ground-up preserved bodies. “Eating mummy” was considered effective in treating contusions, coughs, epilepsy, migraines, ulcers, cases of poison, and as a general panacea.

Mummies or fragments of mummies were taken from their tombs and sent to Cairo and Alexandria, where merchants sent the ground-up parts all over Western Europe.  In the European Middle Ages and Renaissance mummy trafficking was widespread.  Egyptian mummies were so sought after that the chaplain to Queen Catherine de Medici of France made a special trip to Egypt in 1549 and, together with some physicians from Italy, broke into a number of tombs around Sakkara in a quest for mummies to use in various medicines.  Catherine’s father-in-law, King Francis I of France, also carried ground-up mummy in a pouch around his waist at all times in case of an emergency.

The mummy madness was such that if a genuine ancient Egyptian mummy was not available, local Arabs would use the corpses of executed criminals or those who had died from disease.  They used these modern substitutes to meet the high demand for mummy powder, despite the protest against this barbaric practice by some physicians, among them the French surgeon Ambroise Paré, who stated, “It causes great pain in their stomachs, gives them evil smelling breath and brings about serious vomiting.”

“Eating Mummy” had a long and respectable tradition as a medicinal remedy.  This uncivilized European and Arab tradition of eating mummified human flesh was part of a flourishing trade and thus did not die out until the 19th century!  It is impossible to calculate the many thousands of African mummies that ended up in the stomachs of Europeans and Arabs.
 

MODERN  VIOLATIONS

The violation of African mummies has continued without hesitation in the form of local Arab citizens and tomb “guardians” who hide mummies in a secluded location until they can find an adventurist tourist who willing to pay and be taken to see a mummy or skeletal remains.  I have seen extreme violations being carried out by Arabs at various tomb sites.  In one of the Khokka tombs on the West Bank of Waset (Luxor), I witnessed two Arabs go in a tomb and take out the mummified parts of an 18th dynasty African official.  They took him out of his burial place and savagely began assembling the various parts: the lower legs, the upper legs, the torso, the head, and finally they took out the mummy’s heart and asked me if I wanted to photograph it before they placed it inside of the chest area.  All of this was done for  “baksheesh” (tip) with no regard for the African ancestor.

In many other cases, human bones have been scattered throughout the tomb, as well as broken into small pieces and thrown about in the cemetery as the robbers are making off with the loot.  The Arab villagers continue to loot ancient tombs and sell the African artifacts in the illicit underground antiquities market.

The destruction of African mummies has led to a gross distortion of the historical facts.  For example, Dr. Wilfred Griggs and his colleagues of Brigham Young University (BYU) are in possession of an unparalleled thousands of human DNA samples, many of them from the ancient Egyptians.  Dr. Griggs recently gave a presentation in San Jose, California in which he discussed the joint BYU and Rosicrucian Museum mummy project.  Griggs stated that the DNA tests that were run on the Rosicrucian mummies indicated that of the 4 tested “not one of the four showed the African [genetic] marker. Now that doesn't’t surprise me,” he added, “because...there [were] many different races” in Egypt.  Griggs never gave any context for his remarks, as he did not mention the time period when each of these mummies lived. Nor did he mention the geographical location where they lived within ancient Egypt, or where their burials were found.  In fact, Griggs’ motives are extremely questionable, because there was no balance in his statements. For example, Griggs did not indicate if the DNA results showed either a “European” or “Asian” genetic marker.  He only made sure to state that the “African” marker was not found.

(Click photo for larger image)
The facial damage to these four figures in a Valley of the Kings tomb is a typical pattern in the concerted effort to destroy Black images.

VALLEY  OF  THE  KINGS

The main tomb work of the modern European and Arab conspirators has been on the West Bank of Waset (Luxor), and in particular the Valley of the Kings, because this is the most popular tourist location within Egypt where people go to see the ancient African tombs.  The Valley of the Kings is well-known to travelers and Egyptologists as the principle burial ground of the pharaohs of dynasties 18-20, and it is one of the most significant archaeological sites in the world.  The Kings Valley was intended as a quiet and secure resting place for African kings, but the artifacts in the area have suffered greatly at the hands of plunderers, treasure hunters, antiquity dealers, Egyptologists, archeologists, and tourists.  Of the 62 tombs in the Kings Valley, there is usually only about 9 tombs open [as of 1995].  The rest of the tombs are closed for “conservation.”

Since many of these Kings Valley tombs were rediscovered in the 19th and early part of the 20th century, they have fallen into disrepair.  Many of them have permanently suffered from the steady pressure of thousands of tourists each day, local Arab tomb-robbing villages such as Qurna, and from the destructive acts of archeologists and Egyptologists, who are more concerned with gaining recognition in academic circles than with the welfare of the tombs.   The result of all this activity has been the African mummies being violated and destroyed, burial goods being sold or shipped off to museums, paints chipping off the tomb walls, and the accumulation of salt crystals which have put the brilliantly colored reliefs in a very fragile state.
 

BUILDING  REPLICA  TOMBS

The problem of deterioration of the Kings Valley (KV) tombs has led to a growing international movement to build replica tombs and close the original structures. The tomb replication project will likely be implemented in the future.  Under this plan, the popular tombs which have suffered irreparable damage, such as the tomb of Tutankhamen, will be permanently closed to the public.  Once they are closed, the only persons who will have access to the original KV tombs will be Egyptian government officials and workers, and “qualified” researchers.

The completion of this tomb replication project will be a major step in further erasing the memory of a Black Egypt.  These replica tombs, with the lightened colors and remade facial features, will graphically demonstrate that the evidence of classical African civilizations is vanishing.

The tomb publications by Western scholars are currently a main source of information on tomb decorations and details, and when some of the KV tombs are permanently closed  these often inaccurate and unreliable publications will unfortunately be the exclusive source of our information.

See part I of this series for recommendations on how you can help stop the vanishing evidence of classical African civilizations.


Prof. Manu Ampim is a historian and primary researcher on African and African American culture & history.  He is director of Advancing The Research and can be reached at PO Box 18623, Oakland, CA 94619. Email: Profmanu@acninc.net. Telephone: (510) 568-3880 or (510) 235-7800 x4351.

Note, if any portion of this text, or any of the graphics in this article are used, please credit Prof. Ampim.  Also, please do not use the photos without the accompaning captions.